COVID-19 Relief Funds for Study Abroad Providers and Stranded Students

The field of study abroad is up against what seems like an endless list of challenges and some host organizations may go out of business over lack of enrollment due to COVID-19. Some are offering virtual study abroad alternatives, but not everyone is in a position to go online, and without students, some of these institutions may fail without help. We noticed a couple of fundraising initiatives to help these providers stay solvent or to help stranded students. If you are in a position to help, please donate. Here are campaigns we recently found:

Dagbe Cultural Institute & Arts Centre, Ghana – COVID-19 Relief Fund
https://www.gofundme.com/f/dagbe-covid19-relief-fund

Youth for Understanding Emergency Fund
https://www.yfuusa.org/emergency

If you know of additional urgent fundraising efforts tied to the pandemic, please send an email with the fundraising link to: fundraiser@abroad101.com

How Can Studying Abroad Make Your Dream Postgraduate Degree a Reality?

A Master’s degree can cost between $30,000 and $120,000 according to research by FinAid.org, an amount that can be unaffordable for the average graduate who is already saddled with debt. Not being able to afford a postgraduate degree can be frustrating for ambitious students, especially those who wish to make the biggest return from their investment in education. In the U.S., the gap in earnings between undergraduate and postgraduate degree holders is sizable, amounting to around 17% in areas such as software engineering and 22% in business (i.e. comparing a bachelor’s degree and a master’s degree). How can study abroad help you leap across this gap and enjoy a more fulfilling professional life back in the U.S.?

The Cost of Postgraduate Degrees Abroad

Law student Leo Cutting recently reported that the high costs of a year-long MA in the UK (around $5,000) was way beyond his means. Keen on pursuing an LLM in Public International Law, the keen student researched fees in other countries, finding that this qualification cost less than $1870 at the University of Leiden in the Netherlands. This university in particular has an excellent reputation on a worldwide scale, ranking within the world’s top 100 and ensconced between the dynamic student cities of Leiden and The Hague. The University has another bonus for foreign students: it is known for its international nature, with students from across the globe being attracted by its stringent standards and buzzing student lifestyle offerings.

Reducing Costs Further

The current pandemic is highlighting the utility (and the possibilities) of online education, both for school and university students alike. It is also sparking a stronger interest in online study for postgraduate degrees, bearing in mind the significant cost and time savings that can be made by choosing this option.

As stated in www.mydegreeguide.com, today’s students are looking to maximize return by opting for shorter degrees — including accelerated bachelor’s degrees, one-year doctorate programs and thesis-free Master’s degree. Opting for one of these accelerated degrees from an already more affordable university abroad can reduce costs further and enable you to continue working full- or part-time at home while getting significantly closer to your dream job.

Countries to Consider

Just a few countries that might be of interest if you are considering a postgraduate degree abroad include Italy and Spain. These countries are known for their sunny weather, rich cultural offerings, and active student social life. Other choices in Europe that blend a rich educational offer with cost-friendly living conditions are Lithuania, France, Germany, and Portugal. A Master’s degree in Spain costs anywhere from €300 to €3,500 per year. In Portugal, you can expect to pay between $950 and $1,300. If you will be working part-time, opt for tourism-friendly spots such as the Algarve in Portugal or Málaga in Spain. These areas have a high percentage of English speakers from abroad and vibrant communities comprising people from all over the world.

For many students, a Master’s degree or doctorate can be an impossible dream owing to the rising cost of education. Opting for a postgraduate degree abroad is a great way to learn a new language and immerse yourself in a culture while saving on the cost of education. Spain, Italy, and Portugal are just three places you might consider but you can probably build a far longer list of potential destinations.

Be Creator, Not Imitator: How to Avoid Plagiarism in Your Works

How to write an academic paper and avoid plagiarism? It’s all about giving credit where credit’s due.

With easy access to thousands of sources, thoughts and theories, original thinking is more valuable than ever. It’s also the only way to succeed. Offering your perspective on what’s already out there is what makes you unique. Sure, it sounds good, but how to write an academic paper and not plagiarize at all? We feel your pain – it’s hard to produce something original when it seems like literally everything has already been discovered, researched and described. Don’t worry, with our help, you’ll find out how to write an essay or paper while avoiding plagiarism.

Ideally, any written academic assignment should be based on thorough research, source analysis and your own expertise. For students, referring to someone else’s findings is often a way to cut corners. There’s a thin line between using one’s research to ground your opinion or draw conclusions and unintentionally plagiarizing someone else’s work. It’s critical to understand what plagiarism is, especially unintentional, and how to avoid it when crafting your works.

Business concept for group of stacked paperclip with another one red plane paperclip is point to another direction as a team leadership

Avoiding plagiarism is not only about creating original content but also about giving credit where credit is due. Most cases of unintentional plagiarism have their roots in an improper citation or use of references. We won’t talk about situations when plagiarism is intentional because a) all of us know it’s wrong, and b) academic institutions use AI-based plagiarism checkers, which reveal all types of plagiarism and cheating, even advanced ones. Instead, let’s focus on how to write an original academic paper with accurately formatted citations.

Citation Rules: Tricky But Manageable
The first rule, check which formatting style guide you should follow in your paper or essay. Whether it’s MLA, APA or Harvard format, stick to one style and remain consistent throughout your entire essay.

Second, remember that statements, statistics and research data must be backed up by corresponding references. Also, if you use an in-text citation, be sure to include it in the Works Cited list at the end of your paper and vice versa.

However, don’t go overboard with citing: if a paragraph refers to one source several times, wait until it ends and then add the reference.

Now, the most essential part.

What Should Be Cited to Avoid Plagiarism?

When writing an essay, every time you summarize, refer to or quote any words or ideas of other authors, use in-text citation. This concerns not only printed copies and websites but also social media, video, images, etc. Plagiarism is not about copying only but also about using another author’s ideas without acknowledging the source. And plagiarism checker will show a positive result if you fail to cite the resource or do it incorrectly.
Be sure to include the author, the date of the article and its title, and the website name. Depending on the type of source you’re referencing, you may also be required to add an issue date, the page number, the time of posting or other information. For instance, if you quote a blog post, the following pattern is appropriate:

The author’s nickname [real name]. “Posting Title.” Name of the website. Version number. Name of institution/organization affiliated with the site (sponsor or publisher). The medium of publication. The date of access.

For more details, carefully study your institution’s formatting style guide and follow it explicitly. You can also use this handy cheat sheet.

If you want to convey the author’s idea in your own words, read the source several times until you grasp the essence, and then put it down as you understand it. Imagine you must explain what you’ve just read to a friend. One piece of advice: do not keep the source in front of your eyes when paraphrasing. Otherwise, you might unintentionally copy the phrases from the text word for word. By the way, the following is not considered plagiarism and doesn’t have to be cited:

● historical overviews from various sources
● your own findings – that’s what your academic paper is about, right?
● things that are considered common knowledge

While it’s up to you how to write your academic paper, these standard rules of crediting should be followed. If you are unsure whether you took everything into account, use a plagiarism checker for students – it will show you where you tripped, and you’ll have enough time to correct any slips.

College Study Abroad Goes Online – for Now

New Stopgap Programs Keep Students’ Dreams Alive, Abroad101 now features Virtual Summer Study Abroad Programs

Press Release:

NEW YORK (PRWEB) April 13, 2020

College-level study abroad programs continue to innovate and rise to the challenges of today’s rapidly changing world. With “study at home” directives coming from their colleges, students now have new options to see the world in the form of “Virtual Study Abroad” and “Virtual Internship” programs. The first of these stopgap options are rolling out for the upcoming summer break and are helping students cope with home study. “New programs like these are a sign of hope for students stuck at home. With the online options, students can explore a global immersion while they wait for travel restrictions to lift. While never as good as the real thing, virtual study abroad can be a cultural bridge until they can be there in person,” says Phil Kollitsis, Managing Director of Abroad101.

Abroad101 has compiled a list of these virtual education abroad programs in response to growing interest and has added four new programs just this week. While nobody in the field sees this as a permanent shift, an online immersion should prove to be the second-best alternative. One example of virtual study abroad comes from Arcadia University, who was one of the first study abroad providers to announce an online education abroad program for the summer called Virtual Europe. Dr. Andrew Law, Academic Dean, The College of Global Studies at Arcadia University explained that the program’s goal is to “take engaged local learning into the virtual space. The courses will all employ, to the degree possible, engagement with local realities in order to bring the course material alive for the students, asking them to navigate difference in the same ways that we have them do so when they are in-country, just virtually. Virtual Europe has created online learning opportunities that embody the pedagogy of context-informed learning that is at the heart of the Arcadia Abroad’s educational mission, vision and lived values.”

“Study Abroad is not Dead” says Abroad101’s Kollitsis. “Program managers, providers and host universities worked tirelessly to assure the safe return of students this semester and that same passion and dedication is reflected in the creation of suitable alternatives for the upcoming summer session. While we all long to venture back out again, we can take temporary comfort in exploring the world, online, guided by renowned faculty and facilitated by reliable providers, the hallmark of credit bearing college study abroad.”

Another advocate for study abroad is Missy Gluckmann, founder of Melibee Global and the International Education Career Academy. She said, “Study abroad isn’t going away. It will change and we will adapt – opening up new roles for technology and cross-cultural learning for those who are inspired to connect people across cultures and disciplines. As an international education career coach, I remind them that our resiliency is not about whether we “sink or swim” but rather how we approach and navigate through change. Our field is changing, no doubt. I expect that when we look back in the rearview mirror, we’ll be grateful for a new path that was unexpectedly forged despite the painful times we are experiencing today.”

About Abroad101
Founded in 2007, Abroad101 is the first and largest study abroad review website and program evaluation software. This innovative platform serves past and future students, parents and advisors through its market-leading online evaluation tool. Under the direction of their academic advisors or program providers, students complete thorough online evaluations hosted by Abroad101 with both quantitative and qualitative responses. Excerpts from those evaluations get published for the public in the form of Study Abroad Reviews.

About Arcadia Abroad
Arcadia has been a leader in study abroad for over 75 years and in 2009, its existing Center for Education Abroad was elevated to College status, thereby creating The College of Global Studies. It is the first College of its kind dedicated to the delivery and development of education abroad. Nearly 3,000 students from over 300 colleges and universities participate in Arcadia University’s programs abroad each year.

About Melibee Global
Melibee Global books talented culture and food speakers at colleges, companies, and conferences and offers innovative professional development to those who care about culture, travel, and diversity. Melibee created and trains at the International Education Career Academy, the first program of its kind to formally train those interested in international education as a career path to craft effective applications for stellar jobs in the field of International Education.

There Will Be a Day When We Study Abroad Again

Across the globe, college students are spending their days in an awkward shift from campus to online. For some students, a fully online education is a door opener and a powerful way to experience the benefits of a university. For most of the world’s students, however, this immersion happens on campus, in classes and being physically put in the learning environment. Nowhere is that immersion more impactful that in study abroad!

While the world struggles with the effects of the pandemic, we at Abroad101 are holding on, believing in the power of the human spirit and how it is manifested in study abroad. We believe in the power of personal interactions, in the wonders and strengths of our cultural differences and the ongoing quest for knowledge that embodies the human spirit. We celebrate the wonder of discovery when travel and education come together, which is the motivation behind Abroad101, providing students and their universities a platform to share these stories and the triumphs they tell. We believe the world is a better place when we all prosper, and we look forward to the days when travel and personal contact becomes normal again.

Until that time, Abroad101 is keeping things going. We encourage you to escape today’s normal and think about what is possible in the future by reading and sharing study abroad reviews and exploring the world through the eyes of former students. We welcome the former students who have not yet submitted their stories and add your study abroad review to the more than 40,000 reviews on Abroad101, adding yet another testimonial that will guide and perhaps motivate future students.

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Look Good and Look After your Eyes when Traveling and Working Abroad

When was the last time you had your eyes tested? Or gave your eye health a seconds thought? Most optometrists recommend eye checkups every 1-2 years depending on your requirements. So, if you’re planning on heading abroad to travel or to work then you need to take your eye health seriously.

Its easy for things like eye tests and vision check-ups to take a back seat when we’re on the other side of the world, however keeping on top of your eye health and looking after your vision will ensure that your trip abroad won’t be cut short by eye-pressure issues, changes in your glasses prescription or even glaucoma and cataracts. Discover more information about looking after your eyes when traveling and working abroad below.

The Importance of Glasses
Wearing contact lenses is fine, however, it’s important to give your eyes a break from time to time and wear a good pair of glasses. If your job abroad involves lots of staring at a screen or going through important paperwork, then a high-quality pair of reading glasses is crucial to protect your eyes from strain. Having an additional pair of glasses is also a good idea, in case you damage your contact lenses, or you lose your other pair of glasses. No one wants to be stranded abroad and not be able to see properly!

These days, glasses aren’t just great for protecting your eyes and helping you see properly, they’re also great fashion accessories that can complement your look and style.

Protect your Eyes from the Sun
When we think of sun protection it’s normal to think of sun cream, sun hats and drinking plenty of water but when you’re traveling and working abroad protecting your eyes from the sun is just as important. Invest in a good pair of sunglasses to keep your eyes safe from damaging UV rays, sunglasses are ideal if you’re working outdoors in the sun for long periods.

Don’t worry, you can still get UV ray protection with elegant and statement sunglasses, so if you’re feeling a little fashion conscious then you’re sure to find something to match your style.

Stay Protected in the Water
Working at a water park? Or spending some time in the pool on your day off? Chlorine and saltwater can play havoc with your eyes, leaving them dry and irritated. Always remember to wear goggles when engaging in work or play at the waterside.

How Learning A New Language Can Make You A Better Entrepreneur

Some of the most successful business owners in the world are multilingual, including, Bill Gates, Mark Zuckerberg and Michael Bloomberg, Entrepreneur reports. This is no coincidence: learning a second language equips budding entrepreneurs with a host of skills essential for business success. We live in a globalized world, and language skills are vital for networking and building a solid client or customer base that spans multiple geographical locations. Moreover, they also help you to develop strong active listening and problem solving skills, enabling you to thrive in even the most high-pressured business situations.

Improve active listening and problem solving skills

Learning a language involves maintaining focus for long periods of time, closely watching and listening, and replying deliberately (even if you make mistakes). In turn, this develops and strengthens your ability to actively listen. This skill is crucial for forming strong business relationships and boosting productivity. Additionally, learning a language is essentially an “exercise in cognitive problem solving,” a study in Massachusetts found. It also increases cognitive flexibility and higher order thinking skills, which further strengthens your ability to solve problems in other areas. Effectively solving problems and making business decisions are crucial skills for any entrepreneur.

Support your employees

In addition to impressing clients and customers, learning a second language also helps support your employees. By being able to form strong relationships and make effective business decisions, you’ll boost overall morale and confidence in the workplace. Your employees will therefore be happier and more loyal to your organization as a whole. It’s important to provide your employees with as much support as possible to retain their loyalty and succeed commercially. Investing in workers’ comp insurance is another great way to do this. Unfortunately, a worker is injured on the job once every seven seconds. When accident strikes, workers’ comp insurance protects you as the employer from legal repercussions, as well as protecting your employees financially from potentially devastating wage losses and medical expenses, Cerity Insurance advises.

Build a bigger client base

Roughly 20% of the worldwide population speak English — and most of those aren’t even native English speakers. Being able to speak at least a second language opens you up to a plethora of communication and networking opportunities that would otherwise be inaccessible. You’ll have the skills to communicate with potential foreign business partners all over the world, whether in-person or online. Additionally, if you want to set up your business in a foreign country, knowing the local language is essential. Certain requirements like paperwork may not be in English, for example. You’ll also appear more professional, trustworthy and respectful to the natives when you communicate your brand message in their language.

Language skills have multiple benefits for budding entrepreneurs, whether you’ll be working in your home country or abroad. They provide you with the confidence and knowledge required to understand all your markets. Not only is learning a second language fun and rewarding; you’ll find it also empowers you with skills and attributes needed for commercial success.

Your How-to-Guide on Printing and Binding a Thesis

Picture this. You have been successful in creating your Bachelor’s thesis, research paper or any other final paper and spent a lot of time researching and writing. Just when you are about to submit it, you realize it needs to pass through printing and binding.

The questions any student is likely to ask when it comes to printing and binding a thesis are as follows:
“How should I print and bind my thesis?”

“Where should the printing and binding take place?”

Given that many students have not gone through the printing or binding process for their research paper before, it may be challenging to choose the right configurations. Here, we present to you all the information you need to know, telling you what to focus on when printing and binding your dissertation.

For tips on what you need to factor in, keep reading.

What you need to Watch out for when Printing your Thesis

Students tend to have the same questions when it comes to the printing process of a thesis:
– Color or white/black?
– Which paper is right?
– How should I get a fair deal when printing my thesis?

That is why we take the trouble to give you advice on how to print your thesis.

Considerations when Printing your Research Paper Tip
Color Printing: You only have two options when printing your research paper, including color or white/black. Note that printing in color can be costly. When the printing of your thesis is colored, it is likely to have pizazz. However, understand that having too much color in it may negatively impact the seriousness of your paper.
Paper: The printing shop you approach may most likely suggest 80 g/m² paper. Understand that this measurement is thin and could make your paper weak. This will cause the print on the reverse side to shine through. Be sure to get all the right details first, steering clear that the type of paper used could also affect your final mark. If your paper is 100 g/m², the quality of your thesis improves immediately. This is why some providers use 100 g/m² of their paperweight as the default.
Price: Several factors determine the printing price. That includes the color printing, the weight of the paper and the actual printing. Begin by comparing the prices offered by different providers. For instance, if you would like a color-printed paper, pick the service provider who does not demand a surcharge. You can also look for further benefits, like free shipping.

What you Must Watch out for When Binding your thesis

One of the questions a lot of students have about this step is “how”. That’s because most of them are unaware of the type of bind needed for a research paper. Understand that it all depends on the type of final paper. For instance, your thesis will require a lot more work and extensive research, while a regular term paper does not take as much time to write.

What differs between the two is the weighting. The regular term paper embodies just a small part of your overall grade while the final thesis, including the Bachelor’s and the Master’s thesis, takes the largest portion.

It means that if the final research paper is major, and you want to be sure about your dissertation, it would be very wrong to pick a simple binding, like spiral binding, as your ultimate choice. The best option, in this case, would be leather book binding because it is sturdier and more suitable for the final paper.

You need to first understand that there is a large binding selection available. Here, we shall discuss each of them to help you understand better.

Tip!
A lot of universities and post-secondary institutions have specific requirements for binding. Before printing or binding your thesis, find out if the institution has any guidelines.

That is why we would like to guide you through on the best type of binding to use, which will be entirely dependent on the final paper type being submitted.

Leather book Binding

The highest quality binding any thesis can go through is leather book binding. It comes with a leather-look solid cover, which makes a thesis appear chic and stylish. You can choose between a bookmark, corner protectors or customized embossing. Either of them should make your paper look more sophisticated.

 

 

Recommendation: The following are some of the final papers perfect with leather binding

• Dissertation
• Research paper
• Master’s thesis
• Bachelor’s thesis


Thermal Binding

Thermal binding happens to be the most versatile among all bindings. Its front cover is transparent, causing the title of your research paper to be brought to the forefront instantly. More so, it also comes with a leather-look at the back of the cover, in the color of your choice.

 

 

Recommendation: Generally, minor research projects are best presented in thermal. If you will also need print-outs of the final paper, this type of binding is perfect.

Softcover

Are you looking to make your paper more attractive and standout? If so, softcover will be the ideal choice. This type allows you to design your cover however way you desire. It enables you to use different logos, fonts, wild designs and pictures of choice. When you choose this type of binding, you can let your creativity flow in any direction. Given that it is a research paper, you want to keep it less cluttered and completely professional.

Recommendation: Use Softcover for any thesis. Note, however, this type limits you to a specific number of pages. For a comprehensive dissertation, it may not be an ideal choice.

Spiral binding

This is the simplest form of binding. It is closely similar to thermal, given that its back cover has a leather-look and also comes with a transparent front cover. The difference is that spiral binding is not glued. Here, your paper is held with spirals. Note that spiral comes in two types: metal and plastic.

 

 

 

Recommendation: For small projects, spiral is the perfect choice. It is not considered right for major papers such as research papers or dissertations.

Overview of Bindings

Below is a table for all bindings, designed to offer you an overview to help you decide on the best one for your thesis or the final paper.

  Research paper Bachelor’s thesis Master’s thesis Term paper Dissertation
Leather book binding
The most elegant and sophisticated way to bind is leather. For a major final paper such as Bachelor’s thesis, Master’s thesis or an essay, it is the perfect choice. We do not recommend leather for smaller final papers.
Thermal binding
Of all the types used to bind, thermal is the most versatile. It is the best for final papers. If you are also looking for several print-outs, it is the sleekest and most cost-effective choice.
Softcover
Because Softcover allows you to design your cover any way you wish, it is the best for creative study programs. Understand, however, that it has a limit to the number of pages you can bind, meaning it is not always the absolute choice for final papers. For a dissertation, you will have to look for another option.
Spiral binding
If you are looking for the perfect binding choice for smaller projects, spiral is your go-to solution. It can also be used in final papers such as the term papers or the research project. However, if yours is more substantial in length, think around another option.

Printing and Binding your Thesis: but where?

When it comes to printing and binding your thesis, you can choose between your local copy shop or an online service provider. We recommend beginning by looking for an online printing provider. Doing so allows you to make your orders from your comfort zone and saves you valuable time, plus, they usually have good offers. Understand, however, you are exposed to winning and losing on the online platform.

How do you benefit?

• Free shipping
• 3D preview
• Look-inside-function to browse through your thesis
• Affordable prices and high-quality paper

In our research, BachelorPrint stood out. We found the service providers to be the go-to authorities in printing and are perfect if you also need to bind. It is an online printing service for students known to offer high-quality bindings. Because they offer free express shipping, you can be sure to get your thesis soon after printing and once it has been bound.

Ensuring nothing Goes Wrong in your Thesis Printing

Because writing and printing a thesis is a major investment, the tips provided here should ensure that everything goes smoothly. Where you will have your paper printed and bound is all up to you; whether you choose to go to an online printing service or identify an actual copy shop. However, if what you need is a high-quality work and a stress-free process, then BachelorPrint is what you need.

Good luck with your thesis!

Unique Ways to Learn While Studying Abroad

The many advantages of studying abroad are well-known to most people. It is an ideal way to travel and explore a new country and simultaneously study their culture from within. Going abroad for a semester or two allows students to gain independence, while it also challenges them to improve their interpersonal and communication skills. Lastly, it is an escape, from the mundane routine of college life back home, that many a time leads to people discovering new talents and career possibilities.

However, living and studying abroad can, at times, be a little too overburdening for students. With so much to do and see, in addition to visiting one of many countries known for their study abroad programs, students miss out on what matters the most; enjoying a once in a lifetime experience. So, here are ways through which students can continue to learn and still have fun while studying in a different nation.

Stay with a Local

A lot many universities have residential options on campus. These dorms are great for when you want to live with people your age and interact with students from across the world. Still, when studying in a different country, opting to live with a local host has far more benefits. Not only do you get an inside view of how residents live but also get to experience regional food, festivals, and traditions intimately. Best of all, staying with a local also doubles up as the perfect way to practice your language skills.

Visit a Casino

Since gambling and casinos are still not legal in all countries, it is worth going into one if you get a chance while living abroad. Now, it is extremely essential to gamble responsibly and stick with only the best casino destinations in the region to avoid any issues. It is equally vital that besides playing the games, you also use this time to watch how the locals behave and act in this rather complex environment. Typically, you will meet people in classrooms or homes, but when in a place like a casino, you can really study their mannerisms for a better understanding of the local ethos.

Join Local Activity Groups

No matter your location, there are always activity groups to join for indulging in favorite pastimes. Books, sewing, hiking, photography, music; there are typically a variety of options available if you look for them. Not only are these groups often welcoming to outsiders, but they are also another brilliant excuse to get introduced into the local community. You can always make new friends at these groups and get the low down on the hidden gems of the city, which others might miss out.

Be Friendly

A slightly extrovert experiment that can lead to surprising discoveries is being frank enough to strike up a conversation with strangers. If you are wandering around the town and a local helps you with directions or a recommendation, ask them out for a cup of coffee as a goodwill gesture. You’ll find that by doing this, you can create lifelong friendships and also might have someone local to help you should a need arise. Taking the initiative to mingle with residents when overseas can go a long way, as it lets you make the most of your study abroad experience.

 

An Important Study Regarding the Impact of Intercultural Educational Exchange Programs

A recent publication reports on the impact of educational exchange and study abroad programs conducted by the Federation of The Experiment in International Living. The work, by Dr. Alvino E. Fantini, Professor Emeritus, SIT Graduate Institute, titled: Intercultural Communicative Competence in Educational Exchange: A Multinational Perspective (Routledge, 2019), is based on two extensive research projects that explored the nature of intercultural communicative competence (ICC), its development during intercultural exchange (summer, short term, and semester programs), and the impact of such experiences on the lives of both students and hosts up to 20 years later.

Conducted in eight countries — Brazil, Ecuador, Germany, Great Britain, Ireland, Japan, Switzerland, and the United States — the research involved over 2,000 students plus over 200 host families, exploring the significance of exchange experiences in transforming people’s lives. Based on both quantitative statistics and qualitative narratives, the study also identified program components that most promote intercultural development, highlighting host family home stays and host language proficiency as most significant.

This important contribution to the intercultural communication literature, bases its multinational perspective on an extensive literary search in six languages spanning 50 years in order to identify ICC’s multiple components, to develop comprehensive assessment tools, and to assess ICC development and its impact on exchange participants.

For further information, click on the following link: https://www.routledge.com/Intercultural-Communicative-Competence-in-Educational-Exchange-A-Multinational/Fantini/p/book/9780815369677

Assessment instruments in multiple languages used in this research can be obtained on this website (click on “Instruments”): https://alvinoefantiniphd.godaddysites.com/.